After the election of John F. Kennedy, the U.S. Secret Service ordered a new presidential limousine to replace the 10-year-old Lincoln Cosmopolitan used previously. The 1961 blue Lincoln Continental was reworked by Hess & Eisenhart of Cincinnati into a stretched body, complete with optional Plexiglas "bubble" for cover in bad weather, a contraption Kennedy disliked. The renovations cost $200,000, but Ford leased the car, codenamed X-100 to the Secret Service for $500 a year. After Kennedy's assassination on this date in 1963, the car was renovated by the Secret Service again with full armor, a more powerful engine and other safety upgrades, and used by presidents Johnson, Nixon, Ford and Carter until 1977. It resides in The Henry Ford museum in Dearborn, Mich., where it's one of the most popular attractions.
- Lincoln Cosmopolitan