One of the last major holdouts says it will adopt Tesla's charging technology — here's the full list of car companies making the switch

A woman plugs an EV charger into an electric car; a close up of the Tesla charger.
The difference between Tesla charging and non-Tesla charging.Electrify America; Tesla
  • A number of automakers are switching to Tesla's charging tech so their owners can charge there.

  • That's because one of Tesla's biggest advantages is its Supercharger network.

  • More and more EVs will be able to charge at a Tesla station hassle-free. Here's the list.

2023 was a pivotal year for Tesla and competing electric automakers. A key factor in all of that? Whether companies planned to switch to Tesla's charging standard, now rebranded as the North American Charging Standard or NACS.

More car companies are shifting to the charging pioneered by Elon Musk in the hopes of boosting their customers' confidence in going electric.

Here's what it boils down to:

If you currently drive a Tesla, you can keep charging at Tesla charging locations that use the company's North American Charging Standard (NACS), which has long served it well. The chargers are thinner, more lightweight and easier to wrangle than other brands.


If you currently drive a non-Tesla EV, you have to charge at a non-Tesla charging station like that of Electrify America or EVgo — which use the Combined Charging System (CCS) — unless you stumble upon a Tesla charger already equipped with a Magic Dock adapter. For years, CCS dominated EVs from everyone but Tesla.

Starting in 2024, if you drive a non-Tesla EV (from the automakers that have announced they'll make the switch), you'll be able to charge at 12,000 Supercharger locations with an adapter. That's not all Superchargers — some (the original and V2 chargers) are not compatible with CCS, but the V3 chargers are. But by 2025, EVs from several automakers won't even need an adapter. Non-Tesla stations will increasingly incorporate NACS in addition to CCS.

Here's how to charge up, depending on which EV you have:


2021 Ford Mustang Mach-E.
2021 Ford Mustang Mach-E.Tim Levin/Insider

Ford was the earliest traditional automaker to team up with Tesla for its charging tech.

Current Ford EV owners — those driving a Ford electric vehicle already fitted with a CCS port — will be able to use a Tesla-developed adapter to access Tesla Superchargers starting in the spring. That means that, if you own a Mustang Mach-E or Ford F-150 Lightning, you will need the adapter in order to use a Tesla station come 2024.

But Ford will equip its future EVs with the NACS port starting in 2025 — eliminating the need for any adapter. Owners of new Ford EVs will be able to pull into a Supercharger station and juice up, no problem.

General Motors

Cadillac Lyriq
Cadillac Lyriq.Cadillac

GM will also allow its EV drivers to plug into Tesla stations.

Much like Ford, GM EV drivers can start to use the Tesla charging network even before the automaker equips its cars with NACS.

Starting next year, whether you're driving a GMC Hummer, Cadillac Lyriq, or other GM electric car, you can use a Tesla charger, so long as you have an adapter.

GM will build its EVs with the NACS port starting in 2025. From that point on, GM EV drivers won't need an adapter to charge at a Tesla location.


Rivian R1T.
Rivian R1T.Andi Hedrick/Rivian

As for Rivian drivers, an adapter will also be available, in the spring.

Then, Rivian will build its R1T vehicles and upcoming R1S platform with the NACS port as standard beginning in 2025.



The Volvo EX90 electric SUV.
The Volvo EX90.Volvo

Current drivers of Volvo EVs can start to use an adapter to use Tesla chargers sometime mid-next year.

Those who buy an electric Volvo starting in 2025 can expect the cars will be made with the NACS port from then onward.


The 2025 Polestar 4 electric SUV.
The 2025 Polestar 4.Polestar

The same rules apply for owners of Polestar EVs.

You can start using the chargers in 2024 with an adapter, and expect the full experience a year later with a model year 2025 Polestar.


The Mercedes-Benz EQS SUV.
The Mercedes-Benz EQS SUV.Mercedes-Benz

The German automaker just announced it will adopt Tesla's NACS.

Mercedes-Benz EV drivers will have access to the Tesla network via an adapter beginning next year.

Mercedes will implement the NACS port into its vehicles built starting in 2025.


The 2023 Nissan Ariya.
The 2023 Nissan Ariya.Nissan

Nissan is the first of the Japanese automakers to adopt Tesla's NACS.

Starting next year 2024, Nissan models that currently have CCS will get access to adapters that allow those vehicles to connect to NACS plugs.

Nissan said in a release that it will build its EVs for the US and Canadian markets with a NACS port beginning in 2025.


The Fisker Ocean electric SUV.
The Fisker Ocean.Fisker

Fisker is following suit and announced in August it will adopt NACS.

Starting in the first quarter of 2025, Fisker customers can use adapters to access Supercharging.

The EV startup said it "will later update" its vehicles to include the NACS inlet. Fisker said it will also continue to include a CCS adapter so customers can still charge at sites with that standard, too.